U.S. President Ronald Reagan welcomed the Canadian initiative, and the U.S. Congress gave the President the authority to sign a free trade agreement with Canada, subject to preliminary consideration by Congress until October 5, 1987. In May 1986, Canadian and U.S. negotiators began working on a trade agreement. The Canadian team was led by former Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Simon Reisman and the U.S. side by Peter O. Murphy, former U.S. Deputy Trade Representative in Geneva. Canada-EFTA (« CEFTA ») and bilateral agreements focus exclusively on the liberalization of trade in goods. They do not deal with other forms of economic exchange, such as trade in services or foreign investment. From 1935 to 1980, the two nations concluded a series of bilateral trade agreements that sharply reduced tariffs in both countries.
 The most important of these agreements was the Automotive Products Trade Agreement of the 1960s (also known as the Auto Pact).   Clause 9 provides for the « approval » of the agreement and bilateral agreements, as provided for in the legislation on the implementation of trade agreements. Beginning in 1855, when Canada was under British control, free trade between the Anglo-American colonies and the United States was established as part of the Reciprocity Treaty. In 1866, a year before Canadian Confederation, the United States Congress voted to repeal the treaty. Canada`s first prime minister, John A. Macdonald, tried and failed to restore reciprocity, after which the government moved to a more protectionist policy. 83-9, 19 September 1988.  The Law was signed by the President on September 28, 1988 and was transposed into Public Law No. 100-449.  Article 6 limits the scope of the pleas and the right to initiate proceedings on this basis. First, it provides that no one may invoke a right of recourse and initiate proceedings under the main provisions of the Canada-EFTA Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act or a regulation made under that Act, unless the Attorney General of Canada agrees. .